Aortic Aneurysm

Aortic Aneurysm: If the aneurysm is small, it is treated with help of medication so that the aneurysm can be relived. Medicines administered lower blood pressure, relax blood vessels and decrease the risk that the aneurysm will burst. Surgery is recommended when the aneurysm is not treatable with medicines. The first type of surgery is called Open Abdominal or Open Chest Repair surgery. This type of surgery involves a major incision made in the chest or the abdomen. The aneurysm is removed, followed by replacement of the section with a graft made of material like Dacron or Teflon. If required, the aortic valve of the heart is also repaired during the open chest or abdominal surgery. Another surgical procedure related with this disease is Endovascular Repair in which the aneurysm is not removed but a graft is inserted in the aorta to give it strength. The procedure involves insertion of a catheter in the groin which is then threaded to the location of the aneurysm. Using an x-ray to see the artery, a graft is then threaded into the aorta and guided to the aneurysm. The graft is then expanded and secured in place to form a stable passage for blood to flow preventing the rupture of the blood flow.