Coronary Artery Disease

The treatment for this type of disease is bifurcated into two options. One is by following a therapeutic life style which involves dietary changes along with physical activities like exercising. These measures raise the HDL cholesterol level which is good for heart. The other option is surgery which involves Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG). Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI): This treatment is also known as angioplasty which opens blocked or constricted coronary arteries. A tiny balloon attached to a thin pipe is threaded into an artery in the groin so that the balloon is positioned at the site of blockage where it is inflated. This compresses the plaque on the walls of the artery, relieving the blockage. This restores the blood flow through the artery also causing chest pain to cease. A small mesh tube called a stent is usually placed to keep the artery open. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG): This is a procedure in which arteries or veins from other parts of the body are used to make a by-pass around the blocked artery improving the blood flow to the heart. This procedure can relieve chest pains and prevent the possibility of a heart attack.